Author Archives: Youth Outreach

Club Drugs Part 1: GHB

This week we are talking about GHB, a drug that has been illegal since the early 1990s. GHB has become recognized as a date-rape drug due to its effects on the body.

GHB stands for Gamma Hydroxybutyrate; which are fancy words for danger. It also goes by some of these other names:

  • Liquid X
  • Liquid ecstasy
  • Gamma-oh
  • Cherry Meth
  • Georgia homeboy
  • Fantasy
  • Scoop or Goop
  • Good night Cinderella

GHB can be made from ingredients like GBL (gamma-butyrolactone) which is a chemical used as a paint stripper.

GHB 1

 

As a date-rape drug it is put into the drinks of unsuspecting victims at places like night clubs and raves.  However,don’t assume that as long as you go to parties at someone’s house that something like that can’t happen. GHB can be mixed into drinks, smoked, or snorted. Liquid form is the most commonly abused. If you head out in the streets you will find GHB primarily being sold in liquid form by the dose, and in some places you will find candy such as lollipops dipped in GHB and then sold. GHB by itself has a salty or soapy taste but when it is mixed in a drink you probably wouldn’t notice.

  • It can cause people to throw up, slow their heart rate, and make it hard to breathe.
  • At high doses, it can result in a coma or death.
  • It is a tasteless, and colorless when dissolved in a drink.
  • Mixing it with alcohol makes these effects worse.
  • GHB can take effect in 15 to 30 minutes, and the effects may last for 3 to 6 hours.

GHB 2

If you ingest GHB in any form, it will attack the central nervous system. Once GHB has affected the central nervous system, it can cause you to become incapable of controlling your body. It also can cause amnesia which means you are at the mercy of whoever is around you. With the effects of GHB lasting anywhere between three and six hours, that leaves a lot of time for you to not know what is being done to you.

Researchers and scientists are trying to find a way for the average person to test their drinks for GHB. So far, the only methods that have been found are really expensive and/ or the time it takes to get the results are too long. This means that most testing can only happen after you have been drugged. No matter what you are drinking, even if it’s sodas or juice, people can slip drugs in your drinks—so pour all drinks yourself and never leave them unattended (even if you have to take them into the bathroom with you).

TIPS:

  • If you take your eyes off of your drink even briefly and there are people around, don’t drink it and consider getting a new one.
  • As said above take your drink with you wherever you go, even to the bathroom. It may sound dumb but it will keep you safe.
  • Pour your own drinks when that’s possible to do.
  • Consider drinking something with a lid so things can’t be easily slipped into your drink.
  • Bring an empty bottle that has a lid and pour your drink into the bottle.

If you have any doubts about your drink, just don’t drink it. Do you have any tips or suggestions? Comment below with them so we can help each other stay safe out there.

If you think that you were a victim to this drug, reach out to someone.  If you or someone you know needs help, Youth Outreach is available. Stop by or give us a call at 1.866.538.8023.

Club Drugs

If someone told you to jump off that huge cliff over there, would you?

Probably not because the fall would kill you and you aren’t interested in dying anytime soon … especially with that Chem test next week you’ve studied so much for.

If a friend handed you a jug of antifreeze and told you to drink it, would you? Again knowing that it could kill you, probably not even though a person you know gave it to you.

Let’s say you get invited to this awesome party and you’re with friends, dancing, and having fun. A friend of yours comes up to you and offers this colorful, interesting looking pill and tells you that you should try it out.

You ask him/her what it is and they tell you it will make you feel really good and give you energy to last to the end of the party, would you try it?

At this point you may have paused and either you are admitting to yourself that you would try it or you paused enough on this scenario to make you think that maybe you would. However consider this, if that same friend told you that this interesting, colorful little pill was nothing but a combination of man-made chemicals and it could kill you, would you try it then or say “no thanks?”

This week we are beginning our series about club drugs.

Let’s start by defining just what “club drugs” or “designer drugs” are.  Club drugs are the illegal drugs that tend to be used at places like parties, concerts, night clubs, raves and other places. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens: “A designer drug is created by changing the properties of a drug that comes from a plant—such as cocaine, morphine, or marijuana—using the tools of chemistry. The resulting “designer” drugs typically have a new, different effect on the brain or behavior.”

The drugs that are classified as club drugs or designer drugs:

  • MDMA or also known as “Ecstasy”
  • Gamma Hydroxybutyrate or “GHB”
  • Ketamine or “Special K”
  • LSD (Acid)
  • Rohypnol or “Roofies.”

These club or designer drugs are also synthetic drugs because they are man-made using different chemicals like the synthetic drugs we have been talking about. They have been classified this way because the drugs on this list are the ones most commonly used at parties and night clubs.

club-drugsclub-drugs-2

club-drugs-3club-drugs-4

Next week we will be talking about Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and why it’s also considered a date-rape drug by the experts. For more information check out: https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/real-teens-ask-what-are-designer-drugs

If you or someone you know needs help, Youth Outreach is available. Stop by or give us a call at 1.866.538.8023.

Synthetic Drugs Part 4: Spice/K2

In our final blog about synthetic drugs we are talking about Spice, also known as K2. It is a synthetic version of marijuana that is more harmful. Labeled as “herbal incense” or “potpourri” and marketed as non-addictive and harmless, it is made by spraying plant herbs with man-made chemicals. Like “Bath Salts” that we learned about recently the packaging for Spice/K2 also says “not for human consumption (https://clearminds.wordpress.com/2016/12/03/synthetic-drugs-part-2-bath-salts/).”

k2-1

Because it is made of many different man-made chemicals, it can cause more damage to you than regular marijuana can. Spice is actually sold under more than 500 names including Mojo, Scooby Snax, Black Mamba and Annihilation. Some other names K2 might go by are:

  • K spice
  • Legal weed
  • Fake marijuana
  • Scooby Snax
  • Cowboy Kush
  • Kush
  • Bliss

k2-2

K2/Spice can take many forms. For smoking, it looks like dried, crushed plants (very similar to marijuana).  Liquid versions of K2/Spice that can be used with Vapes and E-Cigs are on a fast-rising trend.

So what will it do to you?

K2 is very similar to marijuana in how it interacts with your brain but it gives a lot of different feelings to you.  It gives the same high effect and causes more enjoyment from boring tasks. But the bad effects outweigh the good ones. Here are some side effects to taking K2:


  • Panic attacks
  • Heavy body load
  • Extreme nausea and vomiting
  • Strong feelings of hallucinations
  • Fear, Panic, Anxiety
  • Racing heart
  • Loss of feeling (numbness)
  • And many more!!!

Some long term effects are kidney failure, heart attacks and death. In most cases, K2 looks harmless because it comes in shiny packages and pretty wrappings, but it is really dangerous. Do not be fooled.

k2-5

(Photo courtesy of Bruce Plante, author at toonsonline.net.)

If you or someone you know needs help, Youth Outreach is available. Stop by or give us a call at 1.866.538.8023.

 

 

Synthetic Drugs Part 3: Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine is a synthetic stimulant that affects the central nervous system and can be highly addictive.  Meth can take the form of a white, bitter tasting crystalline powder. Meth can also be made into a pill and/or a white or clear rock called a crystal.  Meth is used by snorting, injection or swallowing a pill. “Crystal meth” is smoked in a glass pipe.

meth-1

meth-2

Methamphetamine is also known as:  “Meth,” “Speed,” “chalk,” and “tina”; or for crystal meth, “ice,” “crank,” “glass,” “fire,” and “go fast.”

Methamphetamine was developed early in the 20th century from its parent drug, amphetamine, and was used originally in nasal decongestants and bronchial inhalers. Most of the methamphetamine used in the United States comes from “superlabs”—big illegal laboratories that make the drug in large quantities. Methamphetamines can also be made in small labs in people’s homes using cold medicine and other toxic chemicals.

Methamphetamine causes a release of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. The release of small amounts of dopamine makes a person feel pleasure when they do things like listen to music, play video games, or eat tasty food. Methamphetamine’s ability to release dopamine very quickly in the brain produces the feelings of extreme pleasure, sometimes referred to as a “rush” or “flash,” that many users experience. After the effects have worn off, the brain has less dopamine, which can lead to depression.

The release of dopamine in the brain causes several physical effects, similar to those of other stimulants like cocaine. These include:

  • Feeling very awake and active
  • Fast heart rate and irregular heartbeat
  • Higher blood pressure
  • Higher body temperature
  • Increased risk for HIV/AIDS or hepatitis (a liver disease) from unsafe sex and shared needles

 

Effects of Long-Term Use

Continued methamphetamine use may cause effects that last for a long time, even after a person quits using the drug. These effects include:

  • Anxiety and confusion
  • Problems sleeping
  • Mood swings
  • Violent behavior
  • Psychosis (hearing, seeing, or feeling things that are not there)
  • Skin sores caused by scratching
  • Severe weight loss
  • Severe dental problems, known as “meth mouth”
  • Problems with thinking, emotion, and memory

Faces of Meth:

The following pictures are from the Department of Justice. As you can see, continued Meth use will destroy your body.

meth-face-1

meth-face-2

Methamphetamines can kill you, simple as that. If someone you know uses Methamphetamine please encourage them to seek treatment. If you or someone you know needs help, Youth Outreach is available.  Stop by or give us a call at 1.866.538.8023.

For more information please visit:

https://teens.drugabuse.gov/drug-facts/methamphetamine-meth.

 

 

Synthetic Drugs Part 2: Bath Salts

For a while when I heard the term “bath salts” I simply thought it was the stuff you put in your bath and thought “oh, how nice.”  One year I attended a conference and training about “designer drugs” and one drug in particular called bath salts. I soon learned these weren’t your normal bath salts to put in your bath. Bath salts are synthetic drugs because of the chemicals used to make them.

The most common ingredient in bath salts is methylenedioxypyrovalerone also known as MDPV.  MDPV is structurally similar to ingredients found in methamphetamines, amphetamines and ecstasy which are known stimulants.

Bath salts are also known as: Flakka, Ivory Wave, Vanilla Sky, Cloud Nine, Blue Silk, Purple Sky, Bliss, Purple Wave, Red Dove, Zoom, Bloom, Ocean Snow, Lunar Wave, White Lightening, Scarface, Hurricane Charlie, Drone, Energy-1, Meow Meow, Sextasy, Ocean Burst, Pure Ivory, Snow Leopard, Stardust, White Night, White Rush, Charge Plus, White Dove, Plant Fertilizer, and Plant Food.

bath-salts

More often than not bath salts are a white or brown crystalline powder sold in small plastic or foil packages labeled “not for human consumption.”  While packages such as those shown below with the label “not for human consumption” you can see the irony of the package label instructing: “always drink lots of water, never use with alcohol, and don’t operate a motor vehicle or machinery.”

bath-salts-2

Bath salts are snorted, smoked or injected. What happens when you’re on bath salts? The high can last from 3-4 hours or days. The physical effects may last 6-8 hours.  The effects may include but are not limited to: paranoia, hallucinations, anger, profuse sweating, hyper alertness, violence, intense thirst, loss of coordination, panic/anxiety, high fever, jaw clenching, delusions, mood swings, dry mouth, vomiting, dizziness, depression, homicidal/suicidal thoughts, agitation with or without violence, jerky body movements, and/or grinding of teeth.

The face of a bath salt user:

bath-salts-face

The road to recovery from bath salts is not a quick and easy one. If you or someone you know needs help, Youth Outreach is available.  Stop by or give us a call at 1.866.538.8023.